29th International Conference on the History of Cartography
29a Conferință Internațională de Istorie a Cartografiei
4-8 July 2022 Bucureşti

ICHC 2022 was organized by the National Museum of Maps and Old Books in Bucharest and the University of Bucharest.

The conference was held in the Ion Heliade Rădulescu amphitheatre of Romanian Academy Library, at the Carol I Hall of the Central University Library “Carol I” of Bucharest, and with some sessions in the amphitheaters of the Faculty of History, University of Bucharest.

The conference was scheduled for July 2021. Given due consideration to the COVID-19 pandemic, the local Bucharest organizers and Imago Mundi Ltd. have decided to reschedule the Congress for July 2022.

The main conference theme was ‘Conflict and Cartography’ with the aim to explore the intricate conflictual content of mapping and mapmaking in fields such as war, politics, ideology, cultural or intellectual history. The subthemes were (1) Imperial and Anti-Imperial Cartographies, (2) Frontier Cartographies, (3) Cartographies of Nostalgia and Imagination, (4) Cartographies of Difference and Map Consumption. As always, papers on any other aspect of the history of cartography were also considered.

From the ‘Welcome’ by the general director Maria Christina Toma:

Bucharest is the most eastern EU capital, and this brings along a mix of Eastern and Western cultures and civilizations. Its streets put together houses that remind of Balkan architecture and impressive buildings inspired by French architecture, to give just one example. Bucharest has always been at the crossroads between Occident and Orient, full of paradoxes and ambivalent sites.

We had the task of organizing a hibrid conference in difficult times. The Covid pandemic and Romania’s proximity to Ukraine were issues that we had to take into consideration. Luckily for us, we had partners that supported us since the beginning.

There were three exhibitions:

  • “RomLAG. 1945-1965” – Exhibition about maps of the communist concentration camps in the National Museum of Maps and Old Books at the National Museum of Maps and Old Books, organized by The Museum of Communism Horrors in Romania.
  • “Symbolic Cartographies: Geography/Astronomy/Biology” – Exhibition at the Bucharest Municipality Museum.
  • “Maps and Nature” – Exhibition at the National Museum of Natural History ‘Grigore Antipa’.

Other related events and tours:

  • Welcome cocktail at the Municipality Museum Bucharest/Filipescu Cesianu Palace
  • Tour in National Center for Cartography

The farewell dinner on 8 July took place in Cesianu Palace.

Conference team

  • Christina Toma, ICHC 2022 Conference Director
  • Theodora Dumitrache, Grapic Design & Communication Manager
  • Eugen Grama, Logistics Manager
  • Raluca Ilie, Communication Officer
  • Despina Haşegan, Helpful Advice

Organising committee

  • Christina Toma (The National Museum of Maps and Old Books)
  • Florentina Tițu (University of Bucharest)
  • Marian Coman (Univeristy of Bucharest)
Conference website


Key-note lectures

Pınar Emiralioğlu, The Ottoman Enlightenment: Cartographic Knowledge and Imperial Power in the Early Modern Ottoman Empire (in-person) (chair Bogdan Murgescu)

Steven Seegel, Cartographic Ukraine under Global Eyes: From Mental Maps to Sovereign Territory (remote) (chair Mihai Răzvan Ungureanu)

Panel 1. Challenging Historical Narratives about the Evolution of Cartography (chair Alfred Hiatt)

Matthew Edney, Theories of Cultural Evolution, the Ideal of Cartography, and the Hypothetical Origins of Cartography (in-person)

Mario Cams, Did Chinese and European Cartographies Ever Meet? (in-person)

Panel 2. Cartographies of Identities. Religions, Races and Nations (chair Silviu Anghel)

Johanna Skurnik, Missionary Mappings of the World: Transnational Connections and the Pedagogy of Space in 19th century Grand Duchy of Finland (remote)

Zef Segal, Racial Cartographies: The Dynamics of Spatial Racism (in-person)

Stanislav Holubec, Jitka Močičková, Between Modern Cartography and Nationalism: Czech-German Ethnic Border on Maps (1820s–1940s) (in-person)

Petra Svatek, Peter-Heinz Seraphim: Cartography in National Socialist Context (in person)

Panel 3. Imperial and Indigenous Cartographies (chair Markus Heinz)

Nathan Braccio, Indigenous Mapmaking in Seventeenth-Century New England (remote)

André Novaes, Cross-Cultural Exchange in South American Border Mapping: Indigenous Knowledge in Percy Harrison Fawcett’s Cartographic Encounters (remote)

Vasilii Shczepkin, Western and Local in the Mapping of the Ainu Lands: Questions of Knowledge, Methods, and Naming (remote)

Bertie Mandelblatt, Mapping and Being Mapped in Colonial Saint-Domingue: Cap Français after the Seven Years War (remote) – paper moved to session 7 due to technical problems

Panel 4. The Role of Cartography in Shaping War and Post-war Realities (chair Pınar Emiralioğlu)

Anne-Rieke van Schaik, Reframing the Revolt: Pro-Dutch versus Pro-Spanish Story Maps (1609-1610). Reflecting on the Dutch Revolt During Truce (in-person)

Sebastian Diaz Angel, A “Cultural Area” Map, or How to Develop Tropical Frontiers in Colombia to Combat Communism during the Cold War (remote)

Kelly O’Neill,  Empire as Table Map: The (En)tangled, Trans-Imperial History of a Topographic Map of Crimea (remote)

Panel 5. Trans-imperial Knowledge and Mapmaking (chair Radu Leca)

Vera Dorofeeva-Lichtmann & Ekaterina Simonova-Gudzenko, The Cartographic Odyssey of Daikokuya Kōdayū (1751 – 1828): The Maps of Japan Drawn for the Russian Empire (in-person/remote)

Katherine Parker, The Politics of Geographic Chimeras: Gonneville’s Land, Pepys Island, and Terra Australia Incognita (in-person)

Lucía Rodríguez Arrillaga, The Reversibility of Cartographic Knowledge. The Transimperial Circulation of Printed and Manuscript Maps on the Río de la Plata (1777-1808) (remote)

Panel 6. The Materiality of Maps: Colours and Reproduction Techniques (chair Carla Lois)

Šima Krtalić, Anchored to Exemplars: Revealing the Copying Methods of 14th-17th century Manuscript Nautical Mapmakers (remote)

Diana Lange, Colours on East Asian Maps (remote)

Zsolt Győző Török, Tinting the Tatras: Wahlenberg’s botanical map (1814) and hypsometric relief representation (in-person)

Panel 7. Visions of Cities. From Military Plans to Tourist Maps (chair Toader Popescu)

Tudor Mihăescu, Habsburg Cartographies of the Ottoman Periphery: Franz Sulzer’s 1781 Map of Bucharest (in-person)

Bernard Gauthiez, Mapping the Workers’ Insurrection, Lyon 1834: from Military Analysis to Urban Redevelopment (in-person)

Damien Petermann, Mapping Lyon for Travelers: Evolution and Role of Tourist City Plans in French Guidebooks (20th century) (remote)

Panel 8. Cartography and the Theology of the Image (chair Peter Barber)

Danielle Gravon, Gerhard Mercator as Iconoclast: Erasing Monsters from Islandia (remote)

Ovidiu Olar, Giulio Mancinelli SJ († 1618) and his Plan of the Constantinopolitan Seraglio (in-person)

Elisabeta Negrău, Icons with Maps and Icons as Maps: The Geography of Devotion (in-person)

Chet van Duzer, European Cartouches Adapted to an Islamic Context: The Cedid Atlas of 1803 (in-person)

Panel 9. Maps as Commodities. From Producer to Consumer (chair Matthew Edney)

Kevin R. Wittmann, Beyond the Edges of the World. The Fortunate Islands and their Depiction in Medieval Mappaemundi (9th-14th centuries) (in-person)

Heather Wacha, Helen Davies, When Two Become Four: Using Multispectral Imaging to Uncover What Lies beneath the Tournai Maps of Asia and Palestine (remote)

Marissa Griffioen & Bram Vannieuwenhuyze, Map Transmission in the Early Modern Low Countries (in-person)

Isabella Alexander, Good Maps, Cheap Maps, Copied Maps: Copyright and the Ordnance Survey in the 19th century (remote)

Panel 10. Mapping in the Service of the Common Good (chair Cristina Ion)

Enali De Biaggi, Mapping Public Health – Hygienics, War and Local Politics at the Beginning of the 20th century (in-person)

Martijn Storms, Mapping Epidemics: Nineteenth Century Cholera Maps in the Netherlands (remote)

Quentin Morcrette, Advertising Roads for Quality Maps (in-person)

Panel 11. Cartographic Pedagogies (chair Marian Coman)

Benjamin van der Linde, Johann Hübner’s Map Shop in Hamburg and the Role of his 18th century Map Colour Style. Analysing the Intellectual and Material Background (remote)

Nick Baron, Cold War Cartography in the Classroom: The Soviet 1951 Secondary School Atlas (remote)

Sofya Gavrilova, Learning about the Soviet State: the Establishment of the new Soviet Educational Cartography of the 1930s (remote)

Panel 12. Global Maritime Mapping (chair Chet van Duzer)

Wouter Bracke, Bartolomeo da li Sonetti’s Isolario between manuscript and printed editions (in-person)

Elke Papelitzky, Early Modern Global Trade and Maritime Mapping in Eastern Asia (in-person)

Luis A. Robles Macías, The Struggle for the Maghreb in Early Modern Nautical Cartography (in-person)

Gregory C. McIntosh, “Revisiting the ‘Admiral’s Map’: Which Map? And Who Was He?” (remote)

Panel 13. Charting the Seas and Surveying the Lands (chair Richard Pegg)

Natalia Gándara, Mapping the Southern Oceans. Sealers, Whalers, and the Production of Cartographic Knowledge (1790s-1820s) (remote)

Catherine Porter, Robert Lythe’s Ireland 450 Years on: Reading the Survey from the Map (remote)

Kory Olson, They Passed by Here: Jules Hanen’s Hand-drawn Modifications to the 1886 Congo français ou France Equatoriale pour suivre l’Exposé fait à la Société de Géographie (in-person)

Panel 14. Cartographies of Frontiers. From Empires to Estates (chair Katherine Parker)

Alexandru Morintz, Cartography as a Mathematics-based Method of Organising the World. Reconsidering some Topics from Corpus Agrimensorum Romanorum (in-person)

Richard Pegg, Qing Dynasty Borders, Real and Imagined: The Big Blue Map (in-person)

Martin Hendriks, The Role of the Surveyors Isaac van Geelkercken (1615-1672) and Franz von Senheim (c. 1631-c. 1685) in the Border Disputes between the Duchies of Guelders and Kleve in the years 1658-1664 (in-person)

Cezar Buterez, ‘Trespassers Beware’. Searching for the Administrative and Property Boundaries of Wallachia on Historical Maps (19th-20th centuries) (in-person)

Poster Session (remote/in-person)

Maria Luisa Sturani & Paola Pressenda, Cities caught in the net: the emergence of urban plots in Sabaudian cadastral mapping (18th-19th centuries) (remote)

Göran Bäärnhielm, Map, travel description and cartographic sources. A mapping project with problems (remote)

Carme Montaner & Francesc Nadal, The enlargement of the French government maps to the Spanish territory in the 19th century: from the Carte de Capitaine to the Carte d’Etat Major (remote)

Denis Khotimsky, Comparative study of the two surviving copies of Paolo Giovio’s 1525 map of Moscovia (in-person)

Mátyás Magyari, Alíz Kamilla Bálint & Zsombor Bartos-Elekes, Printed foreign sources of a manuscript atlas of Hungary in the late 17th century (in-person)

Hong Lin, The Date, Mapmakers, Origin, and Context of Kunyutu 坤舆图: A Preliminary Study on The Newly Discovered Early 18th Century Chinese World Map (remote)

Oliver Hahn, Kathrin Enzel, Susanne Knödel, Diana Lange, Benjamin van der Linde, Jochen Schlüter & Peter Zietlow, Material analysis of inks and pigments in colored maps (remote)

View poster session online


The Ethnographic Cartography of Central and Eastern Europe between Science and Propaganda, organisers Silviu Anghel, Jitka Močičková, Stanislav Holubec (hybrid)


  • Esri Romania
  • Wiley Digital Archives


  • The National Center of Cartography (NCC)
  • Artmark
  • Muzeul Național de Istorie Naturală Grigore Antipa
  • Bucharest Municipality Museum
  • Faculty of Geography, University of Bucharest
  • Ministerul Culturii
  • Fundatia Europeana Titulescu
  • geo-spatial.org
  • Agenţiei Naţionale de Cadastru şi Publicitate Imobiliară (ANCPI)
  • Muzeul Ororilor Comunismului în România